Dose-Response Relationships (DRR) for selected chemical substances

Leader:
IFA, Frank Bochmann, frank.bochmann@dguv.de,  
Annette Nold, annette.nold@dguv.de

Partners:
CIOP-PIB, FIOH, IFA, INAIL, INSSBT, NFA, STAMI

Target Groups:
Researchers, stakeholders and professionals in OSH

 

Aims

Quantifying the risk of occupational factors such as chemical substances is essential to protect human health at workplaces. Hence the use of the best methodology for risk assessment and derivation of dose-response relationships (DRR) is a scientific challenge. There is much experience in risk assessment among OSH-professionals. Joint research by PEROSH institutes will offer a great chance to share know-how, resources and money.

The DRR project aims to collaborate on the derivation of dose-response relationships for relevant chemical substances in OSH. Knowledge transfer on risk assessment methodologies will improve the derivation of DRRs and will be applied to a series of new chemical substances chosen by the project members.

All PEROSH institutions can make suggestions for specific, relevant chemical substances for DRR derivation, the collaboration for each substance is optional.

Project summary Download full description of the project (pdf)

Outputs

The DRR working group develops a consensus method paper on derivation of scientific based dose-response relationships (DRR) for chemicals. The members of the working group want to bring together expert knowledge and want to offer recommendations for a systematic approach for this derivation.
The systematic identification and evaluation of toxicological and epidemiological studies are essential steps for this approach. So it can be very helpful to have a list of important sources and databases for identifying studies. Additionally, checking sources for finding existing risk assessment documents or scientific criteria documents for specific chemicals can provide useful information and safe time.
The following lists are draft collections on relevant sources for searching studies and criteria documents on DRRs. A further list is about literature on DRR methodology.
Any comments and supplements for those lists are welcome!
annette.nold@dguv.de

  • Relevant Sources for Existing Scientific Criteria Documents of Chemical Substances

    SCOEL
    Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limit Values

    INCHEM
    Chemical Safety Information from Intergovernmental Organizations

    eChemPortal
    The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances

    GESTIS (Germany)
    GESTIS – Scientific criteria documents

    ECHA
    European Chemicals Agency

    MAK (Germany)
    Documents of the MAK Commission

    BAuA DRR (Germany)
    Documents in English
    BAuA DRR (Germany)
    Documents in German

    DECOS (Netherlands)
    Health Council of the Netherlands

    TOXNET
    Toxicology Data Network. See IRIS and ITER

    EPA IRIS
    US Environmental Protection Agency. Integrated Risk Information System

    NIOSH Publications
    NIOSH Criteria Documents
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

    US NTP
    US National Toxicology Program: Reports on Carcinogens (RoC)

    Ecetoc
    European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals

    WHO CICAD
    Concise International Chemical Assessment Document

    RTECS
    Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances

    MEDLINE/PubMed
    US Medical literaturs database

  • Literature on Methodology of Risk Assessment

    ECETOC Technical Report No. 104: Framework for the Integration of Human and Animal Data in Chemical Risk Assessment. Brussels 2009

    Klimisch HJ, Andreae M, Tillmann U. 1997. A systematic approach for evaluating the quality of experimental toxicological and ecotoxicological data. Regulat Toxicol Pharmacol 25:1-5.

    ECHA (2012). Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment. Chapter R.8: Characterisation of dose [concentration]-response for human health. Version 2.1, November 2012. European Chemicals Agency, Helsinki.

    Lavelle KS, Robert Schnatter A, Travis KZ, Swaen GM, Pallapies D, Money C, Priem P, Vrijhof H. Framework for integrating human and animal data in chemical risk assessment. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012 Mar;62(2):302-12.

    Money CD, Tomenson JA, Penman MG, Boogaard PJ, Jeffrey Lewis R. A systematic approach for evaluating and scoring human data. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2013 Jul;66(2):241-7.

    Pronk M.E.J.: Overview of methodologies for the derivation of Occupational Exposure Limits for non-threshold carcinogens in the EU. RIVM Letter report 2014-0153. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. The Netherlands 2014

    SCOEL (2013): Methodology for the Derivation of Occupational Exposure Limits. Key Documentation (version 7) June 2013. Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits (SCOEL)

    Whaley P, Halsall C, Ågerstrand M, Aiassa E, Benford D, Bilotta G, Coggon D, Collins C, Dempsey C, Duarte-Davidson R, FitzGerald R, Galay-Burgos M, Gee D, Hoffmann S, Lam J, Lasserson T, Levy L, Lipworth S, Ross SM, Martin O, Meads C, Meyer-Baron M, Miller J, Pease C, Rooney A, Sapiets A, Stewart G, Taylor D. Implementing systematic review techniques in chemical risk assessment: Challenges, opportunities and recommendations. Environ Int. 2015 Dec 10. pii: S0160-4120(15)30086-6.

    France:
    AFSSET (2010). Méthode de construction de valeurs toxicologiques de référence (VTR) pour les substances chimiques cancérogènes. Rapport d’expertise collective. Saisine n°2004/AS16. Mars 2010. Agence française de sécurité sanitaire de l’environnement et du travail, Maisons-Alfort Cedex

    INRS (2016). Valeurs limites d´exposition pour la prevention des risques chimiques

    Germany:
    Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA). TRGS 910 “Risk-related concept of measures for activities involving carcinogenic hazardous substances”

    Netherlands:
    Health Council (2012). Guideline for the calculation of risk values for carcinogenic compounds. Publication no. 2012/16E, October 2012. Health Council of the Netherlands, The Hague

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