Disability prevention and reintegration


About 6% of the working-age population leave the labour market permanently due to disability. The primary diagnostic causes for disability retirement are musculoskeletal diseases and mental disorders. Priority areas for disability prevention are young workers with long careers, ageing workers with a growing amount of chronic diseases and partial disability, and workers in heavy and hazardous occupations. The following actions are needed: (i) updated systems and strategies for occupational health and safety protection and improvement of the working conditions leading to work disability, (ii) both national and corporate-level strategies, solutions and management of sickness absence, disability, job retention and return to work.


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